= Links and Timeline | ICU Delirium and Cognitive Impairment Study Group

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Links and Timeline


History and Timeline

Selected Historical Landmarks in Maturation of the Field of Acute Brain Dysfunction in Critical Illness

Genesis of ABCDEFs Year Landmark
1850 Salter
Practical Observations on Delirium
1944 Romano and Engel
EEG Findings in Delirium
1952 DSM I
1959 Engel and Romano
Delirium, a syndrome of cerebral insufficiency
1968 DSM II
1980 DSM III
1989 Lipowski
Delirium in the Elderly
1990 Inouye
CAM
B 1996 Ely
SBT
1998 Trzepacz
DRS-R98
1999 Hopkins
Neuropsychological Sequelae of ARDS Survivors
Inouye
Delirium Prevention
2000 DSM IV
B Kress
SAT
D 2001 Ely
CAM-ICU
Skrobik
ICDSC
A Payen
BPS
2002 SCCM SAG Guidelines
D 2004 Ely
Delirium
Predictor of Mortality
2006 Pandharipande
Delirium and Sedative Medications
A Gelanis
CPOT
B 2008 Girard
ABC SAT + SBT
C Pandharipande
MENDS
C 2009 Riker
SEDCOM
E Schweikert
Early Mobility
2010 Girard
Delirium Predictor of Cognitive Impairment
ABCDE Vasilevskis
A screening, prevention, and restoration model for saving the injured brain in intensive care unit survivors
ABCDE Vasilevskis
Reducing iatrogenic risks: ICU-acquired delirium and weakness--crossing the quality chasm
2011 Smith HA
pCAM-ICU
ABCDE Morandi
Sedation, delirium and mechanical ventilation: the 'ABCDE' approach
2012 Mehta
SLEAP
Shehabi
Early Deep Sedation Increases Mortality
2013 Barr
SCCM PAD Guidelines
DSM-5
Pandharipande
BRAIN-ICU Study
Han JH
bCAM
ABCDE 2014 Balas
Effectiveness and safety of the awakening and breathing coordination, delirium monitoring/management, and early exercise/mobility bundle.
ABCDEF Frimpong
ICU Delirium Viewed Through the Lens of the PAD Guidelines and the ABCDEF Implementation Bundle
2015 Smith
psCAM
ABCDEF 2016 Balas
ABCDEF in Long-Term Acute Care Hospital

 

References

  1. American Psychiatric Association. (1952). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (1st ed.). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.
  2. American Psychiatric Association (2013). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (Fifth ed.). Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Publishing.
  3. American Psychiatric Association. (1968). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (2nd ed.). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.
  4. American Psychiatric Association. (1980). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (3rd ed.). Arlington, VA: Author.
  5. American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed., text rev.). Arlington, VA: Author.
  6. American Psychiatric Association (2013). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (Fifth ed.). Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Publishing.
  7. Balas MC, Vasilevskis EE, Olsen KM, et al. Effectiveness and safety of the awakening and breathing coordination, delirium monitoring/management, and early exercise/mobility bundle. Crit Care Med. 2014 May;42(5):1024-36.
  8. Balas MC, Devlin JW, Verceles AC, Morris P, Ely EW. Adapting the ABCDEF Bundle to Meet the Needs of Patients Requiring Prolonged Mechanical Ventilation in theLong-Term Acute Care Hospital Setting: Historical Perspectives and Practical Implications. Semin Respir Crit Care Med. 2016 Feb;37(1):119-35.
  9. Barr J, Fraser GL, Puntillo K, Ely EW, Gelinas C, Dasta JF, Davidson JE, Devlin JW, Kress JP, Joffe AM et al: Clinical practice guidelines for the management of pain, agitation, and delirium in adult patients in the intensive care unit. Crit Care Med 2013, 41(1):263-306.
  10. Bergeron N, Dubois MJ, Dumont M, Dial S, Skrobik Y: Intensive Care Delirium Screening Checklist: evaluation of a new screening tool. Intensive Care Med 2001, 27(5):859-864.
  11. Ely EW, Baker AM, Dunagan DP, Burke HL, Smith AC, Kelly PT, Johnson MM, Browder RW, Bowton DL, Haponik EF: Effect on the duration of mechanical ventilation of identifying patients capable of breathing spontaneously. N Engl J Med 1996, 335(25):1864-1869.
  12. Ely EW, Inouye SK, Bernard GR, Gordon S, Francis J, May L, Truman B, Speroff T, Gautam S, Margolin R et al: Delirium in mechanically ventilated patients: validity and reliability of the confusion assessment method for the intensive care unit (CAM-ICU). JAMA 2001, 286(21):2703-2710.
  13. Ely EW, Shintani A, Truman B, Speroff T, Gordon SM, Harrell FE, Jr., Inouye SK, Bernard GR, Dittus RS: Delirium as a predictor of mortality in mechanically ventilated patients in the intensive care unit. JAMA 2004, 291(14):1753-1762.
  14. Engel, G. L., Romano, J., Ferris, E. B., Webb, J. P., and Stevens, C. D.: A Simple Method of Determining Frequency Spectra in the Electroencephalogram: Observations on Physiological Variations in Glucose, Oxygen, Posture, and Acid-Base Balance on the Normal Electroencephalogram, Arch. Neural. & Psychiatry.5l:134, 1944.
  15. Frimpong K, Stollings JL, Carlo M, Ely EW. Accepted for Publication in 2014. ICU Delirium Viewed Through the Lens of the PAD Guidelines and the ABCDEF Implementation Bundle. ICU Liberation: The Power of Pain Control, Minimal Sedation, and Early Mobility. Society of Critical Care Medicine.
  16. Gélinas C, Fillion L, Puntillo KA, Viens C, Fortier M: Validation of the critical care pain observation tool in adult patients. Am J Crit Care. 2006 Jul;15(4):420-7.
  17. Girard TD, Kress JP, Fuchs BD, Thomason JW, Schweickert WD, Pun BT, Taichman DB, Dunn JG, Pohlman AS, Kinniry PA et al:Efficacy and safety of a paired sedation and ventilator weaning protocol for mechanically ventilated patients in intensive care (Awakening and Breathing Controlled trial): a randomised controlled trial. Lancet 2008, 371(9607):126-134.
  18. Girard TD, Jackson JC, Pandharipande PP, Pun BT, Thompson JL, Shintani AK, Gordon SM, Canonico AE, Dittus RS, Bernard GR et al:Delirium as a predictor of long-term cognitive impairment in survivors of critical illness. Critical Care Medicine 2010, 38(7):1513-1520.
  19. Han JH, Wilson A, Vasilevskis EE, Shintani A, Schnelle JF, Dittus RS, Graves AJ, Storrow AB, Shuster J, Ely EW: Diagnosing delirium in older emergency department patients: validity and reliability of the delirium triage screen and the brief confusion assessment method. Ann Emerg Med 2013, 62(5):457-465.
  20. Hopkins RO, Weaver LK, Pope D, Orme JF, Bigler ED, Larson LV:Neuropsychological sequelae and impaired health status in survivors of severe acute respiratory distress syndrome. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 1999, 160(1):50-56.
  21. Inouye SK, van Dyck CH, Alessi CA, Balkin S, Siegal AP, Horwitz RI:Clarifying confusion: the confusion assessment method. A new method for detection of delirium. Ann Intern Med 1990, 113(12):941-948.
  22. Inouye SK, Bogardus ST, Jr., Charpentier PA, Leo-Summers L, Acampora D, Holford TR, Cooney LM, Jr.: A multicomponent intervention to prevent delirium in hospitalized older patients. N Engl J Med 1999, 340(9):669-676.
  23. Jacobi J, Fraser GL, Coursin DB, Riker RR, Fontaine D, Wittbrodt ET, Chalfin DB, Masica MF, Bjerke HS, Coplin WM et al: Clinical practice guidelines for the sustained use of sedatives and analgesics in the critically ill adult. Crit Care Med 2002, 30(1):119-141.
  24. Lipowski ZJ: Delirium in the elderly patient. N Engl J Med 1989, 320(9):578-582.
  25. Kress JP, Pohlman AS, O'Connor MF, Hall JB: Daily interruption of sedative infusions in critically ill patients undergoing mechanical ventilation. N Engl J Med 2000, 342(20):1471-1477.
  26. Morandi A, Brummel NE, Ely EW. Sedation, delirium and mechanical ventilation: the 'ABCDE' approach. Curr Opin Crit Care. 2011 Feb;17(1):43-9.
  27. Mehta S, Burry L, Cook D, Fergusson D, Steinberg M, Granton J, Herridge M, Ferguson N, Devlin J, Tanios M et al: Daily sedation interruption in mechanically ventilated critically ill patients cared for with a sedation protocol: a randomized controlled trial. JAMA 2012, 308(19):1985-1992.
  28. Pandharipande P, Shintani A, Peterson J, Pun BT, Wilkinson GR, Dittus RS, Bernard GR, Ely EW: Lorazepam is an independent risk factor for transitioning to delirium in intensive care unit patients. Anesthesiology 2006, 104(1):21-26.
  29. Pandharipande PP, Pun BT, Herr DL, Maze M, Girard TD, Miller RR, Shintani AK, Thompson JL, Jackson JC, Deppen SA et al: Effect of sedation with dexmedetomidine vs lorazepam on acute brain dysfunction in mechanically ventilated patients: the MENDS randomized controlled trial. JAMA 2007, 298(22):2644-2653.
  30. Pandharipande PP, Girard TD, Jackson JC, Morandi A, Thompson JL, Pun BT, Brummel NE, Hughes CG, Vasilevskis EE, Shintani AK et al: Long-term cognitive impairment after critical illness. N Engl J Med 2013, 369(14):1306-1316.
  31. Payen JF, Bru O, Bosson JL, et al: Assessing pain in critically ill sedated patients by using a behavioral pain scale. Crit Care Med. 2001 Dec;29(12):2258-63.
  32. Riker RR, Shehabi Y, Bokesch PM, Ceraso D, Wisemandle W, Koura F, Whitten P, Margolis BD, Byrne DW, Ely EW et al: Dexmedetomidine vs midazolam for sedation of critically ill patients: a randomized trial. JAMA 2009, 301(5):489-499.
  33. Salter T. Practical Observations on Delirium. Prov Med Surg J. 1850 Dec 11;14(25):677-84.
  34. Schweickert WD, Pohlman MC, Pohlman AS, Nigos C, Pawlik AJ, Esbrook CL, Spears L, Miller M, Franczyk M, Deprizio D et al: Early physical and occupational therapy in mechanically ventilated, critically ill patients: a randomised controlled trial. Lancet 2009, 373(9678):1874-1882.
  35. Shehabi Y, Bellomo R, Reade MC, Bailey M, Bass F, Howe B, McArthur C, Seppelt IM, Webb S, Weisbrodt L et al: Early intensive care sedation predicts long-term mortality in ventilated critically ill patients. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2012, 186(8):724-731.
  36. Smith HA, Boyd J, Fuchs DC, Melvin K, Berry P, Shintani A, Eden SK, Terrell MK, Boswell T, Wolfram K et al: Diagnosing delirium in critically ill children: Validity and reliability of the Pediatric Confusion Assessment Method for the Intensive Care Unit. Crit Care Med 2011, 39(1):150-157.
  37. Smith HA, Gangopadhyay M, Goben CM, et al. The Preschool Confusion Assessment Method for the ICU: Valid and Reliable Delirium Monitoring for Critically Ill Infants and Children. Crit Care Med. 2015 Nov 12.
  38. Trzepacz PT, Mulsant BH, Dew MA, Pasternak R, Sweet RA, Zubenko GS: Is delirium different when it occurs in dementia? A study using the delirium rating scale. Journal of Neuropsychiatry 1998, 10:199-204.
  39. Vasilevskis EE, Pandharipande PP, Girard TD, Ely EW. A screening, prevention, and restoration model for saving the injured brain in intensive care unit survivors. Crit Care Med. 2010 Oct;38(10 Suppl):S683-91.
  40. Vasilevskis EE, Ely EW, Speroff T, Pun BT, Boehm L, Dittus RS. Reducing iatrogenic risks: ICU-acquired delirium and weakness--crossing the quality chasm. Chest. 2010 Nov;138(5):1224-33.